200 acres or 80 hectare for 1 MW Biomass Power project
Among the several options available for captive power production, biomass based power plants are the most environmental friendly.
Biomass is an important source of energy in topical countries. Properly managed biomass energy plantation can be sustainable, environmentally advantageous, economically sound and generates substantial local employment.
Tropical countries enjoy the favorable condition for growing biomass, however lack of information and implementation of technology in biomass production by energy plantation has restricted its growth.
Among many biomass available, mainly from trees, either grown wildly or cultivated purposely,Beema Bamboo produces highest biomass as compared to any other tree plantation.Beema Bamboo is highly cultivated and responds very well to agriculture management practice, whereas today, the bamboo is available mostly in the wild or grown with no care. The annual national average of bamboo yield is as low as 1 ton per acre, while the cultivated Bamboo yields between 5 - 7 tons per acre. Under precision cultivation, high yielding clone of Beema Bamboo hybrid can yield over 40 tons of Biomass annually either from 3rd year to 5th year depending on the population density.
Under intensive cultivation of Beema Bamboo with the population of 1000 to 1200 plants per acre, the Biomass yield starts from 3rd year at 30 tons per acre and increase to 40 tons in the next year and stabilizes at 50 tons from 5th year onwards. Under regular population density of 200 plants per acre, the Biomass harvest starts from 5th year with an ield of 30 tons/acre, increase to 40 and 45 tons in the subsequent years and stabilizes at 50 to 55 tons from 8th year onwards. Due to planting of genetically superior clones and following the precision farming practices, the Biomass yield of Beema Bamboo is so high that area required for energy plantation is reduced to 1/3rd, in other words Biomass available from 3 acres from regular plantation can be obtained from 1 acre of energy plantation of Beema Bamboo.
Biomass Power Project of 1MW (1 mw / hour 7200 mw hours / year) can sustainbly produced electricity for a several years with 200 aces(80 hectare) of Beema Bamboo energy plantation cultivated under high density plantation as per the precision forming methodology recommended by Growmore Biotech Ltd.
At present, managed Bamboo plantations are not available due to lack of information and technology adoption in the field level. The common Bamboo available is thorny and making difficult to cultivate and harvest. The new high yielding clone of Beema Bamboo developed is thornless , fast growing, thick walled, non-flowering and responsive to field management practice. Due to lack of availability of such superior clones of Bamboo and assure buy back arrangement and lack of awareness of the yielding potential and economics, bamboo cultivation is not popular among farmers. Considering the future trend in agriculture, increase in labour cost and availability, plantations of bamboo would come up as alternative for many field crops.
The energy potential of "Fast growing grass - Beema Bamboo" remains untapped due to lack of awareness of its potential. Beema Bamboo has an energy value of 4000Kcal. with an ash content of 0.4 to 1%. at low cost production cost of 1/5th of the pre-dominant energy source-coal. Beema Bamboo stands 1st when it compared with commonly available agri waste - rice husk(20% ash content), Coal (10 - 15% ash content). There is no sulphar content in Beema Bamboo Biomass as compared to coal or furnace oil whereas its energy value is almost 80% as that of coal.
Beema Bamboo is the fastest growing plant, which grows 1.5 ft to 3 ft a day. The carbon content of 45% to 50% in the Biomass is the result of carbon sequestration by photosynthesis. In the process of photosynthesis, the carbon from carbon-di oxide in the atmosphere is absorbed and oxygen is released into the environment whereby it not only earns carbon credit, but also cleans the environment to provide oxygen for all other living beings in the world. A well grown Beema Bamboo plantation is able to sequester close close to 60 tons of carbon-di oxide in every acre annually which is 60 CER of carbon trading.
Cultivation of Beema Bamboo, apart from cleaning -up the atmospheric air from CO2, it is also capable of absorbing water which are not fit for regular agriculture and also ETP(EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANTS) water from industries. A well-designed and managed Beema Bamboo grove can absorb substantial quality of ETP water which could be 10 to 14 times faster than the ground evaporation and provide income through Biomass generation and carbon credit which sustains the operation.
Today farmers are facing difficulties in continuing agriculture in many parts of the country due to several reasons such as increase in cost of labour, non-availability of labour, perishable nature of the agriculture commodity, variation in the price, lack of assured and direct marketing of the product produced, reduction in availability & quality of water and migration of the land lords from village to the nearest towns and cities leading absent landlordism and lack of personal supervision in agri farming.
Cultivation of Beema Bamboo is the best solution to address all the above problems apart from good assured return to the farmers as compared to the present crops. Cultivation of Beema Bamboo will certainly ensure a return of 40,000 to 50,000 rupees per acre/year, which is lucrative than many other agriculture crops being cultivated. In fact, the average return per acre in farming is less than Rs.10,000/- per annum with many problems and uncertainly in the realizable income.
|Power plant capacity||10MW|
|Bamboo Cultivation Area||2000 acres|
|Heating value of Beema Bamboo Biomass||4000 kcal/Kg|
|Biomass generation per annum||100,000 tons|
|Investment requirement for cultivation of 2000 acres||Rs.20 crores|
Among many benefits of Beema Bamboo being used as Biomass, the ash generation is very less as compared to many other Biomass sources. In the integrated Beema Bamboo energy farming along with buy back arrangement, returning the ash back to the Beema Bamboo farms balances the minerals and nutrients depleted from the soil and improves the sustainability of soil nutrient.
The essential key factor for the success of the project is scientific cultivation of Beema Bamboo adopting precision farming know-how combined with high quality disease free, high yielding clone of Beema Bamboo.
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